APA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples |

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APA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples

APA format is one of three citation that is main you’re likely to encounter at some time through your education.

Specifically in psychology, education, while the sciences, APA format could be the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, which is commonly used when you look at the humanities.

APA format definition

APA format is an style that is academic created by the American Psychological Association. It is most often employed for scientific papers, especially research-based content.

APA format is advised among many disciplines because of its emphasis and clarity on highlighting newer source material (in other words. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Listed here are instructions and examples for formatting general aspects of an APA paper that is formatted including how to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.

Note: there are the different parts of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you might find that part of these details is restated through the MLA guide; however, there are lots of components unique to APA alone and neither guide can substitute the other sufficiently.

General formatting guidelines in APA

  • Your document should really be typed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The standard font is Times New Roman, however some scholars prefer Arial.
  • Your document’s margins should be one inch on all sides.
  • You need to include a cover page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
  • You must include a running head (i.e. a full page header) that sits near the top of every page of one’s document.
  • To produce the running head, use the “Insert Header” function on your own word processor.
  • Every page should be numbered regarding the right hand region of the page within the auto-created Header. You will insert the title flush left in all caps.
  • The title must certanly be in title case; every expressed word really should not be capitalized.
  • Very first and subsequent paragraphs should be indented one half inch through the left for the document. You need to use the TAB button function to indent in the place of the area bar.
  • There should only be one space all things considered marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already is the reason the room after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is inaccurate and antiquated.

Running head formatting is specific to APA and should never be utilized for other citation types. To create the head that is running ensure it turns up on every page of the document, use the “Insert Header” function on the word processor and then type the title of your paper flush left using all capital letters.

The head that is running a shortened form of your full paper title, meaning that the running head must not exceed significantly more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.

The aforementioned example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (for the title).

Your cover page should include the following information: website for essays title for the paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (in other words. the university, college, or academic/professional institution that you are writing your paper). You need to also include a head that is running left with the pagination flush right towards the top of the document.

Note: On the cover page, your head that is running will distinct from it can on all subsequent pages.

As you can plainly see, you must are the words “Running head” on the title page to indicate that it’s the paper’s running head; on all the other pages, you need not include these words along with your title.

APA citations that are in-text not dependent on container (e.g. book, article). Citations must certanly be in parentheses and placed at the conclusion of a sentence before the period, whether paraphrasing or citing a direct quote.

APA format follows the author-date style: (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma between your two elements. If referencing a spot that is specific the writing, you might be encouraged to make use of exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number into the parentheses after the year.

All citations, regardless of container, are formatted the exact same for in-text citations in APA. There isn’t any variance predicated on container as is true for MLA style.

Note: you can find different requirements that are formatting short vs. long quotations in APA.

General in-text citation rules:

  • Titles of source material should be capitalized (which can be not the case regarding the References page); all words four letters or longer also needs to be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
  • Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not only the word that is first
  • The first word directly after a colon or dash is capitalized
  • All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) must certanly be italicized

Short quotations

Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the author’s name, year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You may either utilize the author’s name that is last the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or include the author’s last name in the parentheses directly.

Long quotations

Long, direct quotations (40 words or maybe more) must certanly be written in block format without quotation marks. The quotation has to start on a new line indented another half inch inward (where a brand new paragraph would naturally begin. All lines that are subsequent be indented as such. Long quotes should always be double-spaced like the rest of the document, in addition to citation that is parenthetical after the final punctuation mark for the quotation.

General format for long quotations:

King (1986) noted:

A small boy in a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along beside the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, however it was finally slackening. It tapped regarding the yellow hood associated with boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears like the rain on the roof that is shed. (p. 3)

Your APA-formatted Reference page is when the extended, detailed versions of most references used throughout your essay or research paper are.

For every single container down the page, you will find a formula that is general citing the foundation in your Reference page along with an illustration.

General Reference page rules:

  • Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the line that is firstsecond and subsequent lines in one reference must be indented)
  • Author names should always be in Last Name First Initial format (for up to six authors of one given work)
  • All reference entries should always be in alphabetical order
  • Any books or materials written by exactly the same author(s) must be listen in chronological order from oldest to the majority of recent
  • Use whatever capitalization and punctuation is employed by an original container, just because not ‘standard’